Recruits at the Trooper Academy practice maneuvers getting away from an attacker. The exercise is a lesson in determining what is a reasonable amount of force. (Emily Russell/KCAW)

Twice a year the Trooper Academy in Sitka gets a new class of recruits. Over a 15-week period they go through everything from spelling tests to target practice. They also get close combat training, with the focus on what is and what isn’t a reasonable amount of force.

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Inside a room with red padded floors and blue padded walls music blasts through the speakers.

A young guy in grey t-shirt, blue pants and sneakers enters the room. A black padded helmet covers most of his face.

“So he’s getting ready to start,” explains Lt. Chad Goeden. “They video tape the whole thing. He introduces himself to the camera.”

Goeden is the Commander here at the Department of Public Safety Training Academy, known as the Trooper Academy.

Lt. Chad Goeden is the Commander at the Department of Public Safety Training Academy. (Emily Russell/KCAW)

The guy in grey is one of the academy’s 35 recruits. And he’s here for a fight.

The recruit is wrestled to the ground by one of the instructors, who wraps his legs around him.

Finally, the recruit pulls himself away and gets up on his feet. Today’s fight is a test. Goeden and the other instructors are trying to see how recruits respond to a potential attacker.

“When he got away from the attacker, he pulled out his gun. That’s what you’re [supposed to do]?” I ask Goeden.

“Well, what we don’t know is what was the attacker saying to him?” Goeden answers.

From the sidelines, there’s no way to know what the attacker said or did right before the fight. That makes it hard to assess whether the reaction was warranted or not.

Goeden says the same is true with the police videos recorded by the public.

“The public only sees what is on the video, for example and the problem with that is something unique must have happened before that in order for the person to take out their camera and start videoing in the first place and we don’t ever see that. We only see what happens after record is pressed,” Goeden says.

To be clear, he says it’s the public’s right to press record. Goeden even says it’s the officer’s duty to protect that right.

What this training does do is it gives recruits options for how to respond.

Recruit Nikki Hines is from Fairbanks. After she graduates from the Academy in June, she’ll start work with the Fairbanks Police Department. (Emily Russell/KCAW)

Nikki Hines is a recruit from Fairbanks.

“My favorite maneuver that I’ve learned is shrimping, where you basically just inch your way out,” Hines explains. “Your hips are a great tool, just pop those hips and try to inch your way out.”

Hines says she was nervous before going into today’s fight.

“Especially being one of the smaller people, but it’s been really fun, so I’ve enjoyed it.” Hines is 5’2”.

She’s happy here, but Hines knows she’s getting into a dangerous line of work.

Back in October Sgt. Allen Brandt with the Fairbanks Police Department was shot on duty. He died a few days later due to complications.

“After I found out about Sgt. Brandt I thought to myself, ‘I’m going to continue to pursue this and I’m just going to believe in God’s will,'” says Hines.

Hines was hired by the Fairbanks Police Department. After she graduates in June she’ll move back there and start work.

Recruits watch UFC fights while waiting for their own turn at a fight. (Emily Russell/KCAW)

Others on that path to becoming officers and troopers are in one of the Academy’s common areas. They’re sitting around on couches watching UFC fighting. They’re getting pumped up for their own turn at a fight.

Timothy Howell is a recruit from Anchorage. He’s got bruises up his arm.

“Yes ma’am it is. It’s an excellent [exercise].”

He’s training to be a Court Service Officer.

“In my eyes, the court is the house of justice and that is extremely noble,” says Howell. “There’s something about the pursuit of justice and the application of the law that I like to see.”

When asked what it’s been like at the Trooper Academy, Howell smiles.

“It has been phenomenal,” Howell says. “It’s been absolutely excellent. I’m really glad you asked, actually.”

Recruit Timothy Howell is training to be a Court Service Officer in Anchorage, where he’s from. (Emily Russell/KCAW)

You hear this a lot at the Trooper Academy. The recruits– they want to be here. That’s despite how the public’s perception of the police has changed over the years with the rise in violent police videos.

Howell and the other recruits– they know there are risks involved, and those risks begin in Sitka, in a padded training room where officers learn the physical side of law enforcement.

Today’s exercise– it’s about judging what a reasonable amount of force is. That’s the lesson Lt. Chad Goeden wants the recruits to learn and the public to understand.

“There’s no such thing as the least amount of force,” Goeden says. “What is less– if I tase you, or I pepper spray you, or I hit you with a baton, or I punch you? Which one of those is least?” Goeden asks.

“But they’re all reasonable if circumstances make it so.”

And the recruits here– they’re trying to plan for any and all circumstances, for the real world. After all, that’s their duty.